Buntot-tigre is a herbaceous perennial with short stem and a rootstock that is very stout, branching and stoliniferous. Leaves are erect, fleshy, fibrous and flat ( in other varieties cylindrical or concave above, rounded dorsally), sub-erect, dagger-shaped, rigid, pale-green with transverse bands of dark green, or dark-green with gray mottles, 0.4 to 1.5 meters long, 4 to 7 centimeters wide.
Scape is erect, 30 to 80 centimeters long. Flowers are pale-colored, numerous, in fascicles of 3 to 6, sweet-scented, 2.5 to 3 centimeters long, with the perianth segments nearly twice as long as the tube. Fruit is sparingly produced, globose, about 8 millimeters in diameter. Seeds are broadly ovoid and white.
– The roasted leaves used as an emollient.
– In India, rootstocks used for cough; tender roots and rhizome used as expectorant. Also used as febrifuge, tonic, purgative, and for bone setting.
– In India, stem part of rhizome used for toothache. Rhizomes used for consumptive complaints, cough, common cold, and ear pain. (10) Leaves used to treat pimples and skin diseases. (12) Leaves used to treat asthma. Juice boiled with coconut oil applied to ear ache.
– In Bangladesh, juice of tender shoots used in children to clear sticky phlegm from the throat; juice from young leaves applied topically to ear infections.
In viral diseases associated with stringy nasal discharge, slightly warmed leaf juice is used as nasal drops, thrice in two hours. A paste is also applied over the body.
The leaves are a source of a strong white fiber use in the manufacture of bowstring, twine, cloth, and paper. It is sometimes mixed with the local piña.
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