Mangosteen plant is an evergreen, upright tree reaching about 20- 60 ft in height. It commonly found in tropical rainforests of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines as well as in some cultivated orchards in Sri Lanka, and India, where annual precipitation and relative humidity are favorable for its growth. Fresh purple fruits can be available in the markets from June until October.
Each tree bears several deep-purple, round shape fruits capped with light green calyx at the stem end. Completely matured fruit measures about 3-7 cm in diameter. Its tough outer rind is about 7-12 mm thick which contains bitter yellow latex that stains clothes black.
Internally; it features 4 to 10 juicy, snow-white, soft, fleshy, triangular segments as in oranges. Each segment may carry 1-4 off-white colored seeds. Seeds are inedible and bitter in taste. The flavor of the fruit can be best described as sweet, mildly tangy, fragrant, and delicious.
Unique for its appearance and flavor, mangosteen is often revered as “the Queen” of tropical fruits, particularly in the South-East Asian regions. This exotic, round, purple color fruit is quite popular for its snow-white, juicy, delicious arils all of the Asian countries, and in recent years by the European and American fruit lovers as well!
Botanically, it is the fruit belonging to the family of Clusiaceae, of the genus: Garcinia. Scientific name: Garcinia mangostana. Known as “Mangkhud” in Thai, Thailand is the largest producer and exporter of mangosteens.
Different species of Garcinia grown all around the Southeast Asia, Africa, and South America all along the tropical belt. Cherapu or Button mangosteen (Garcinia prainiana) is native to Malaysia. It features somewhat flat, mandarin orange-like shape with a thin rind that can be peeled very easily by hand, again as in oranges.
Lemon drop mangosteens (Garcinia madruno) are small size (2-4 cm diameter) fruits, native to Malayan peninsula.
African mangosteen or Imbe (Garcinia livingstonei) is native to West Africa. They are slightly larger than lemon drop type.
Mangosteen does not have many varieties except for the one which is found in Sulu Islands. It is an ultra-tropical plant which needs humidity, rainfall and cannot survive in long periods of drought. And it cannot be grown at very high altitude regions.
Know more about the health benefits of mangosteen below:
1. Prevent Aging
Mangosteen contains a polyphenol compound called xanthones. It is antioxidant with a effect preventing cell damaged by free radicals,slow aging, prevent disease, degeneration, or deterioration of physical and mental.
2. Support For Weight Loss
Mangosteen contains very low calories (63 calories per 100g) and contain no saturated fat and cholesterol. However it is very rich in fiber so it can be the perfect fruit supplement for your diet menu.
3. Strengthen The Immune System
Great vitamin C in mangosteen will provide resistance to the body. Folate found in mangosteen also play an important role in the development of the fetus and new cells in the body.
4. Helps Blood Circulation
Mangosteen effectively support the promotion of blood cells and prevent anemia by dilating blood vessels, which helps the body fight atherosclerosis disease, high cholesterol, anemia to the heart, chest pain. This function is very useful in limit cataract and improve visison.
5. Treatment Of Skin Problems
Mangosteen has a natural antibacterial properties effective in treating many common skin problems like acne, skin blemishes, oily and dry skin.
6. Treatment Of Gum Disease
Mangosteen can be seen as a weapon to fight the common gum disease periodontal inflammation. Gel of mangosteen also help treat gum problems effectively.
7. Good For Women Menstruating
Mangosteen is useful in relieving pre-menstrual symptoms such as dizziness, mood changes, increased blood pressure. Mangosteen has also the ability to adjust the menstrual cycle.
8. Improve Digestion System
Peel of mangosteen is mostly made up of fiber. Fiber pushes waste through the intestines more quickly, prevent constipation and colon cancer. Fiber can help control cholesterol by removing harmful acids.
9. Happy Mind
In the mangosteen fruit also has acid tryptophan which is responsible directly to serotinin that makes our mind happy.
10. Fight And Prevent Diabetes Type 11
With the ability to lower and regulate blood sugar levels, improve vitality, anti-inflammatory, and reducing demand for drugs down blood sugar abnormalities. Mangosteen is an essential fruit for diabetic patients.
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