Pintado is an erect, branched, smooth, half-woody herb or shrubby plant. Leaves are alternate and extremely variable in shape, most often oblong-ovate, the lower ones usually entire, the upper ones variously lobed, sinuate, dentate, or subentire, and the uppermost ones blotched with red at the base, similar to the bracts. Bracts are leaflike, much smaller than the leaves; the lower part is red and the upper, green. Involucres are clustered at the ends of the branches, green, with one sinus bearing an unappendaged gland.
– Introduced species.
– Ornamental cultivation in Manila and larger towns.
– Occasionally, astray in waste places.
– Native of tropical America.
– Laxative, purgative, lactogenic.
– Studies have suggest wound healing, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anthelmintic properties.
Roots, bark, leaves, stem.
– Used for constipation, bronchitis and asthma.
– In Kedah, decoction of roots and bark used for ague.
– In Yucatan, juice of stem used for erysipelas.
– In Nigeria, used for erysipelas, cough, bronchial paroxysmal asthma, hay fever and catarrh; latex used for insect bites.
– Also, used as purgative.
– Leaves and roots used for traumatic injury.
– Decoction of leaves used as lactogenic, drinking the decoction or massaging the breast with the poultice to induce milk flow. Also used for gonorrhea, and as laxative.
– In Nigeria, used as herbal laxative.
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