The poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). The species is indigenous to Mexico. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays.
– Emetic, galactagogue, and cathartic.
– Latex considered caustic and poisonous.
– Studies have shown cytotoxic, antibacterial, anticonvulsant, antinociceptive, antioxidant properties.
Leaves and flowers.
– Leaves applied as poultice for erysipelas and a variety of cutaneous problems.
– Latex is poisonous and causes irritation in wounds.
– Latex is very caustic and dangerous to the eyes.
– Infusion of flowers used as galactagogue.
– Plants used as emetic and cathartic.
– In Mexico, decoction of bracts taken by nursing women to increase the flow of milk, although the practice is considered dangerous by some.
– Infusion of flowers prescribed as galactagogue.
– Plant used as emeto-cathartic.
– In Indonesia, the racunan plant (E. pulcherrima) is used as emetic, emmenagogue, and galactagogue, for treating tuberculosis, skin infections, and fractures.
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