Sulasi is an erect and herbaceous branched plant. Stems and younger parts are covered with spreading hairs. Leaves are oblong-ovate with pointed or blunt tips, and somewhat toothed margins. Flowers are pink or purplish. Calyx at the time of flowering is about 3 millimeters long and somewhat larger in fruit; the two lower teeth are long-awned, the upper one broadly-oblong, and the lateral ones very broad. Corolla is very small, scarcely longer than the calyx. Nutlets are somewhat rounded or broadly oblong, slightly compressed and nearly smooth.
– Found throughout the Philippines, in the same habitat as O. basilicum.
– Probably a native of the Old World.
– Considered to possess antifertility, anticancer, antidiabetic, antifungal, antimicrobial, galactagogue, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, antiemetic, antispasmodic, analgesic actions.
– Leaves are expectorant and stomachic.
In Malaya, leaves are eaten sparingly as salad., but not used for flavoring foods.
– In the Philippines, decoction of leaves used for aromatic baths.
– Decoction of roots and leaves used for gonorrhea; externally used for rheumatic pains and paralysis.
– Seed decoction used as demulcent.
– Dried plant in decoction used for croup, diarrhea, catarrh, bronchitis and diarrhea.
– Decoction of roots used as diaphoretic for malarial fevers.
– Leaf juice considered expectorant; used by Hindi physicians in catarrh and bronchitis.
– Leaf juice used for earache.
– Infusion of leaves used in malaria, and as stomachic in gastric affections in children and in hepatic affections.
– Fresh juice induces vomiting and expels worms.
– Mixed with honey, ginger and onion juice, used as expectorant for bronchitis and coughs.
– In Malaya, juice used externally in an imbrocation for rheumatism.
– In Java, used to increase milk secretion.
– In India, leaf juice traditionally used for cough, bronchitis, asthma, malaria, dysentery, stress situations, worm infestations, superficial fungal infections, and as diuretic.
– Religion: It is the most sacred plant in Hindu religion.
– Insect repellent: In India and South Africa, plant is used as a mosquito repellent.
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