There are about 500 species in the genus Ixora. A few are in cultivation. There are numerous cultivars differing in flower color (yellow, pink, orange) and plant size.
Several cultivars are dwarfs, under 3 feet. Other noteworthy ornamental santans: santan puti (Ixora finlaysoniana Wall), a shrub 2-4 m high, with white fragrant flowers; and Philippine santan (Ixora philippinensis Merr), a shrub or small tree, with white to pink flowers.
Santan-tsina is an erect. Leaves are opposite, sessile, oblong-obovate to elliptic-oblong, pointed at both ends, and borne on short petioles. Flowers are many, crowded in dense, corymbose clusters, light orange- red, red, yellow or white.Calyx-teeth are short and obtuse.
Flowers, roots, leaves.
– In the Philippines, infusion of fresh flowers, drunk ad libitum, is said to be good for incipient tuberculosis and for hemorrhage.
– Malays use decoction of root after childbirth.
– In Indonesia, decoction of roots used for bronchial disorders; flower decoction used for amenorrhea and hypertension.
– Decoction used for urinary problems.
– In Vietnam, roots, stems, leaves, and flowers are used for irregular menses, high blood pressure, tuberculosis, hemoptysis, rheumatism, and acne.
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