Tuesday,18 June,2019
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All About “Flat-Podded Snow Pea” Commonly Known As “Sitsaro” In The Philippines

Sitsaro is an annual climber with compound leaves terminated by branched tendrils. Peas have hypogeal germination: the cotyledons remain enclosed within the seed coat beneath the soil surface. Flowers are white, developing into inflated pods.

Distribution
– Grows well in Baguio and at lower elevations during cool months.
– Chinese variety adapted to warmer climates.
– Cultivated for its young pods and mature seeds.

Gen info
Sitsaro (Pisum sativum) is the most expensive vegetable legume in the Philippines. There are several types: garden peas, English peas, or green peas (P. sativum var. sativum); field peas or soup peas (P. sativum var. ravense); and flat, edible-podded snow peas known as mangeout peas, sugar peas, or Chinese peas (P. sativum var macrocarpon).

Garden peas are grown for their green peas, field peas for their dried seeds. In the Philippines, the snow pea, with its flat pod, is the most commonly grown. The group also includes snap pea,with its thick, full-bodied, round, edible pods, and sweet, full-sized peas, with the pods snapping when bent like fresh green beans.

Constituents
– Seeds yield trypsin and
chymotrypsin.
– Green and ripe fruits and seeds yield starch, albuminoids, galactolipids, alkaloids, trigonelline and piplartine, essential oil, and carbohydrates.
– 100 grams of edible portion of fresh sweet pea pods contain: 67 kcalories, water 82.4 g, protein 3 g, fat 0.4 g, carbohydrate 12.8 g, dietary fiber 2.1g, ash 1.4 g, calcium 92 mg, phosphorus 48 mg, iron 1.2 mg, vitamin A 52.0 µg, thiamin 0.16 mg, riboflavin 0.09 mg, niacin 1.0 mg, ascorbic acid 67.0mg. (The Philippine Food Composition Tables, 1997. (Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology/FNRI-DOST)
– Green and ripe fruits and seeds yield starch, albuminoids, an oil, galactolipids, alkaloids, trigonelline, and pilartine, essential oil, and soluble carbohydrates. Leaf, petiole, tendril, and stems yielded kaempferol-3-triglucoside, quercetin-3-triglucoside, and their p-coumaric esters. Germinating pea seedlings yield high concentration of D-alanine. Free homoserine has bee detected in the seeds and pods.

– Sweetish and tasty vegetable.
– Seed considered contraceptive, ecbolic, fungistatic, spermicidal.
– Seeds reported to cause dysentery if eaten raw.
– Flour considered emollient and resolvent.

Parts used
Seeds, oil.

Uses
Edibility / Nutritional
– Seeds and leaves are edible.
– Immature seedpods, raw or cooked.
– Mature seeds can be ground into powder and added to flour.
– Mature seeds are rich in protein.
– Roasted seed used as coffee substitute.
– Leaves and young shoots used as pot herb.
– Young leaves and shoots used as potherb; young shoots used in salads.

– Caution: Seeds reported to cause dysentery when eaten raw.
Folkloric
– Poultice prepared from dried and powdered seeds use for acne and other skin complaints.
– Flour considered emollient and resolvent, applied as cataplasm.
– Seed oil, taken monthly, believed to prevent pregnancy.

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This Article Was Written By

Jeny Rose Rodriguez

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