Hedge Euphorbia was introduced as a garden plant prior to 1688. The first record of it growing in a garden was in Amsterdam. It is primarily used as an outdoor garden border plant, but certain varieties do well indoors.
Hedge Euphorbia (Soro-soro) is an erect, shrubby, branched, fleshy, cactus-like plant growing to 2 to 4 meters. Trunk and older branches are grayish and cylindric; medium branches slightly twisted and stout, fleshy, 4- or 5-angled or winged, the younger ones usually 3-winged, the wings lobulate, with a pair of stout, sharp, 2- to 4-millimeter long spines rising from the thickened bases of each leaf or petiole-scar.
Leaves, arising from the sides of wings towards the end of the branches, are fleshy, oblong-obovate, 5 to 15 centimeters long; in young plants, longer pointed or blunt at the tip. Cymes are short, solitary in the sinuses, and usually of 3 involucres. Involucres are green or pale yellow, about 6 millimeters in diameter, with the lobes fimbriate.
– Considered purgative, rubefacient, expectorant.
– Leaves considered diuretic.
– Root is considered antiseptic.
– Latex considered purgative, diuretic, vermifuge and antiasthma.
– Studies have reported cytotoxic, antiarthritic, anti-inflammatory, wound healing and immunomodulatory properties.
– Leaves, roots and latex.
– Roots have been used for snake bites.
– Fluid from roasted leaves used for earache.
– The milky juice used for asthma, cough, earache. Also, used as an insecticide.
– Mixed with Margosa oil and applied to limbs in rheumatism.
– Tumeric powder mixed with the juice applied to piles. Thread steeped in the same mixture used for ligaturing external hemorrhoids.
– Milky juice used internally as purgative; rubefacient, externally. Applied to glandular swellings to prevent suppuration.
– Externally, applied to sores, cysts, warts, and calluses.
– Used as a drastic purgative.
– For internal use: decoction or infusion of 10 grams for 1 liter of water, 2-3 cups daily.
– Juice of leaves used for spasmodic asthma.
– Leaves used as diuretic.
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