Tandang-aso is coarse, erect, branched, half-woody herb. Branches are covered with short, scattered spines, and in most parts with stellate-shaped hairs. Leaves are alternate, ovate to oblong-ovate with sinuate-lobed margins, acuminate with inequality base. Inflorescences are lateral, usually extra-axillary racemose, often dichotomous. Flowers are many, white. Corolla tube is short. Fruits are globose, smooth, yellow, and glabrous.
– Weed is found occurring in open, waste places at low and medium altitudes in most islands and provinces.
– Flowering all year round.
– Now pantropic.
• Studies have reported steroidal sapogenin es, neochlorogenin, chlorogenin, paniculogenin, sisalagenone and torvogenin.
• Study isolated neosolaspignenin, solaspigenin, and neochlorogenin from the leaves.
• Proximate analysis of fruits yielded moisture 59.51±0.47, carbohydrate 11.9±0.36, total sugar 9.52±0.48, protein 1.46±0.23, ascorbic acid 37.4±3.64. Micronutrient analysis yielded (mg/100g) 5.22, sodium 31.98, potassium 745.01, calcium 146.57, copper 1.37, manganese 7.51, zinc 3.41.
• Considered cooling, antipyretic, antirheumatic, antiphlogistic, anti-infectious, anti-contusion, anti-inflammation and analgesic.
• Fruit considered tonic, analgesic, haematopoietic, diuretic, sedative, digestive, and antimicrobial.
• Studies have suggested antimicrobial, antiviral, immunosecretory, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, cardioprotetive, nephroprotective properties.
· Wash thoroughly and cut into slices before sun-drying.
· Malays use the fruit in curry preparations.
– Fruit preferred unripe and provides a good flavoring.
· For stomach ache, pain caused by contusion, internal bruise on the belly muscle – use 15 to 30 gms of dried drug. Boil to decoction and drink.
· Used for amenorrhea, indigestion, gastric pain at the navel, rheumatism-numbness, sprain contusion, lumbar muscular pains.
· Fruit used for poulticing cracks in the feet.
· Decoction of fruits used for cough, liver and splenic enlargement.
· In Yucatan, plant is considered sudorific, diuretic, narcotic and as resolutive, and used for convulsions, coughs, asthma, gout, rheumatism, syphilis, and skin diseases.
· Decoction used in some areas (Bukidnon) to lessen postpartum hemorrhage.
· Dosage: 15 to 30 gms dried roots in decoction, or processed into syrup or alcoholic suspension.
· In Tamil Nadu, India, leaf juice used to reduce body heat and unripe fruits used to strengthen the body.
· In Africa, infusion of leaves taken orally for antidote use.
· In Sierra Leonne, fruit used in cough medicines for children.
· In Cameroon traditional medicine, use for management of pain and inflammation.
Do you find this article informative? If you do,you can also share this with your friends and family online. For more healthy ideas, feel free to visit our website more often and don’t forget to leave your comment.