Monday,17 June,2019
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Uses And Benefits Of “Pea Eggplant” Commonly Known As “Tandang-aso” In The Philippines That Everybody Should Know

Tandang-aso is coarse, erect, branched, half-woody herb. Branches are covered with short, scattered spines, and in most parts with stellate-shaped hairs. Leaves are alternate, ovate to oblong-ovate with sinuate-lobed margins, acuminate with inequality base. Inflorescences are lateral, usually extra-axillary racemose, often dichotomous. Flowers are many, white. Corolla tube is short. Fruits are globose, smooth, yellow, and glabrous.

Distribution
– Weed is found occurring in open, waste places at low and medium altitudes in most islands and provinces.
– Flowering all year round.
– Now pantropic.

Constituents
• Studies have reported steroidal sapogenin es, neochlorogenin, chlorogenin, paniculogenin, sisalagenone and torvogenin.
• Study isolated neosolaspignenin, solaspigenin, and neochlorogenin from the leaves.
• Proximate analysis of fruits yielded moisture 59.51±0.47, carbohydrate 11.9±0.36, total sugar 9.52±0.48, protein 1.46±0.23, ascorbic acid 37.4±3.64. Micronutrient analysis yielded (mg/100g) 5.22, sodium 31.98, potassium 745.01, calcium 146.57, copper 1.37, manganese 7.51, zinc 3.41.
• Considered cooling, antipyretic, antirheumatic, antiphlogistic, anti-infectious, anti-contusion, anti-inflammation and analgesic.
• Fruit considered tonic, analgesic, haematopoietic, diuretic, sedative, digestive, and antimicrobial.
• Studies have suggested antimicrobial, antiviral, immunosecretory, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, cardioprotetive, nephroprotective properties.

Parts utilized
· Roots.
· Wash thoroughly and cut into slices before sun-drying.

Uses
Edibility
· Malays use the fruit in curry preparations.
– Fruit preferred unripe and provides a good flavoring.
Folkloric
· For stomach ache, pain caused by contusion, internal bruise on the belly muscle – use 15 to 30 gms of dried drug. Boil to decoction and drink.
· Used for amenorrhea, indigestion, gastric pain at the navel, rheumatism-numbness, sprain contusion, lumbar muscular pains.
· Fruit used for poulticing cracks in the feet.
· Decoction of fruits used for cough, liver and splenic enlargement.
· In Yucatan, plant is considered sudorific, diuretic, narcotic and as resolutive, and used for convulsions, coughs, asthma, gout, rheumatism, syphilis, and skin diseases.
· Decoction used in some areas (Bukidnon) to lessen postpartum hemorrhage.

· Dosage: 15 to 30 gms dried roots in decoction, or processed into syrup or alcoholic suspension.
· In Tamil Nadu, India, leaf juice used to reduce body heat and unripe fruits used to strengthen the body.
· In Africa, infusion of leaves taken orally for antidote use.
· In Sierra Leonne, fruit used in cough medicines for children.
· In Cameroon traditional medicine, use for management of pain and inflammation.

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This Article Was Written By

Jeny Rose Rodriguez

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