Plants have been applied and most used for medicinal and pharmacological for a long period of time. Several
medicinal plants have been used for treatment of several diseases and have been extensively reported in Ayurvedic
system. These include Aloe vera, Azadirachta indica, Carica papaya, Celosia argentea, Centella asiatica,
Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Curcuma longa, Nelumbo nucifera, Ocimum sanctum, Phyllanthus emblica, Plumbago
zeylanica, Pterocarpus santalinus, Terminalia arjuna, and Terminalia chebula. They have been considered as
valuable resource of natural products and bioactive compounds which could play important roles in maintaining
healthy life style.
Heliotropium indicum, belong to Family Boraginaceae, is an annual, erect, robust, succulent herb with branched
hairy stem and opposite or alternate, ovate to oblong dense leaves that can grow to a height of about 15 to 50 cm.
This plant is also known as trompang elepante, buntot-leon, higad-higaran in Tagalog, kambra-kambra in Bisaya,
and pengnga-pengnga in Ilocano. In folkloric medicine, H. indicum is highly valued in treating dermatitis, venereal
diseases, insect bites, scabies, skin pruritis, menstrual disorder, malaria, abdominal pain, fever, urticaria, and sore throat.
– A common weed in waste places and settled areas throughout the Philippines at low altitudes.
– Pantropic in distribution.
· Entire plant.
· May be collected throughout the year.
· Rinse, use fresh.
· Stems and leaves contain tannin and an alkaloidal principle.
· Study isolated a major alkaloid, heliotrine, from the seed of Heliotropium indicum. and was found to have ganglion blocking activity.
· Phytochemical screening yielded phytosterols, alkaloids, saponins, and phenolic compounds.
· Phytochemical screening of various extracts of aerial parts yielded alkaloids, saponins, tannins, glycosides, and flavonoids.
· No taste, cooling effect, insecticide-antidermatosis.
· Leaves are emollient and diuretic.
· Drug causes contraction of muscular fibers, mucous membranes and other tissues.
· Studies have suggest antibacterial, antioxidant, cytotoxic, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, diuretic, wound healing, repellent, gastroprotective, immunostimulant, abortifacient and antiimplantation properties.
· In the Philippines, decoction of dried roots used as emmenagogue.
· Few seeds, masticated and eaten, said to be a good stomachic.
· Skin pruritus, scabies: use pounded fresh material (quantity sufficient combine with kerosene applied over the afflicted area.)
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